The objective of this course is to examine the remarkable cinematic production in Spain and Mexico during the decade following the 1968 massacre at Tlectoloco in Mexico City and during the waning days and subsequent death of Francisco Franco in Spain. We will compare these two national traditions against a broad overview of European and Latin American cinema during the 1960’s, including French Nouvelle Vague, British Free Cinema, and Brazilian Cinema Novo. Given that a major concern of filmmakers during the 1960’s and 1970’s was the relation between film and indexical realism, we will discuss works by classical film theorists such as Kracauer, Bazin, Eisenstein, Epstein and Dulac as well as more recent works by Gunning, Doane, and Mulvey. Required screenings include: from Spain, La caza (Carlos Saura 1966),Furtivos (Borau 1975), El espíritu de la colmena (Erice 1973), Diatrambo (Suarez 1968), Fata morgana (Aranda 1965), La campana del infierno (Guerín 1973); from Mexico, Canoa (Cazals 1976), El lugar sin límites (Ripstein 1978), La pasión según Berenice (Hermosillo 1976),andAlucarda, hija de las tiniebas (López 1978). Secondary required screenings include, Los olvidados (Buñuel 1950), Sang des bêtes (Franju 1949), À bout de souffle (Godard 1960),Battaglia di Algeri (Pontecorvo 1966), and Tire die (Birri 1960). The syllabus and corresponding readings and screenings will be coordinated with lectures by visiting faculty member, Carlos Monsivais, and with related events at the International House such as a Glauber Rocha retrospective and screenings of Death of a Cyclist (Antonio Bardem 1955) and La hora de los hornos (Getina y Solanas 1968).